Before you invest in a beautiful diamond ring, necklace, bracelet, or pendant, you need to understand a few essential facts about this beautiful gemstone. What do you need to know?

The Four Cs of Diamond Value

The four Cs of diamond value are the carat weight, the clarity, the color, and the cut. 

  • Carat Weight: Diamond carat weight tells you exactly what the diamond weighs. One carat is equal to 200 milligrams, and each carat is subdivided into points of 100. For example, a diamond can be .25 carats, described by the experts at Turner's Jewelers as a 25 point diamond. Larger diamonds have a higher carat weight and are more valuable. However, carat weight is not the only determining factor of the diamond's value and it is common for diamonds of identical weight to hold different values based on the other three C factors.
  • Clarity: The clarity of a diamond is affected by internal and external characteristics, called inclusions and blemishes, respectively. These characteristics are affected by the pressure and heat that creates diamonds from carbon in the earth. There is no such thing as a perfectly pure diamond - they all have these inclusion and blemish characteristics - but the higher the clarity, the more valuable and beautiful the diamond will be. At Turner's Jewelers in Seneca, SC, we are happy to explain how the number of these characteristics, along with their size, nature and position will affect the quality and value of your diamond. 
  • Color: It is important to understand that diamond color value is based on a lack of color. You want your diamond to be as clear as water. There is a whole color-grading scale that will affect the value and beauty of the stone that you choose. They are rated from D to Z, with D through F being colorless, G through J being near colorless, K through M being faintly colored, N through R being very light in color, and S through Z being simply light in color. 

The color of a diamond does not refer to diamonds that have a natural color, like blue diamonds. These types of colorations are actually referred to as fancy colors. Fancy colors range from shades of yellow and brown that are beyond Z on the diamond color grading scale and those natural alternative diamond colors like blue, green, or black. 

  • Cut:  The most difficult to analyze factor of diamond quality is the cut. Many think that this refers to the shape of the diamond, whether it is round, pear shaped, emerald shaped, etc. However, the cut of a diamond actually refers to its ability to sparkle by transmitting light. The cut scale ranges from poor to excellent, and requires a fine expertise to determine with accuracy. Our experts at Turner's Jewelers in Seneca, SC, make all of the difference in ensuring that you purchase the ideal diamond with a beautiful cut. 

If you understand the four Cs of diamond quality and value, you are already on your way to purchasing the perfect diamond necklace, ring, bracelet, or pendant. This information will help you to understand the language of our professional jewelers and to make an informed decision before you invest in diamond jewelry that proudly displays the ideal diamond.